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ISTANBUL CITY GUIDE

destinationsInfo about Turkey

  
   Population   
12,783,000 (2009)
   Area   
1,540 km2
  
   Geography   
North-west of Turkey, (Marmara Region) , encloses Bosphorus and placed on two continents: European and Asian Regions
  
   Climate   
Summers : Hot and humid - Winters : cold, rainy and sometimes snowy
Istanbul climate is very variable: It is influenced by Mediterranean climate, Black Sea climate and Anatolian Continental climate
  
   Museums of Istanbul   

museum Museums:

Hagia Sophia Museum : built between 324-337, a unique example of architectural applications.

The Naval Museum , The Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts ,
The Museum Of Fine Arts , The Museum af The Ancient Orient ,
Sadberk Hanim Museum , The Military ,
The Archeological , Vakiflar Carpet and Kilim ,
Kariye , The Mosaic ,
Istanbul modern, Pera ,
Sakip Sabanci, Rahmi M. Koc , Dogancay Museums
istanbul location


  
   Historical places of Istanbul    see the map
ortakoy
Ortakoy, Buyuk Mecidiye Mosque
photo from Wikipedia
monument Monuments :

Statue of the Republic: It is built in 1928 by Pietro Canonica and put in the Taksim Square. Area planning by Moniceri.
The milion stone: the start up of the road to Europe, considered as the center of the world during the Byzantine era.
The German Fountain :1898, Octogonal domed fountain presented to Sultan by the German Emperor Wilhelm the 2nd.
The Column of the Constantine : It is erected after the capital city change from Rome to Istanbul in A.D.330

The Egyptian (Theodosius) Obelisk ,
The Walled Obelisk ,
The Serpent Column ,
The Goths Column ,
The Cistern of Thousand and One Columns and more ...

mosque Mosques :

The Blue Mosque : 1609-1616 Only mosque that was built with 6 minarets. It is famous with its tiles.
Suleymaniye Mosque: It is built by Mimar Sinan between 1550-1557 in the name of Kanuni Sultan Suleyman ( Suleiman the Magnificient ). It is a part of Suleymaniye Kulliye which comprises of a library, madrasah, hospital, bathhouse, soup kitchen and old burial ground.
Yeni Camii: A mosque with 66 domes whose four are in the corners.

Valide Mosque , Rustempasa Mosque ,Eyup Sultan Mosque ,
Ortakoy Buyuk Mecidiye Mosque and more ...

palace Palaces :

Topkapi Palace : Contruction started in 1459. It is used as the center of the state until the middle of the 19th century. It has consisted a lot of structures: Manor houses,bedrooms,Treasure, kitchen, Room of Hirka-i Saadet where belonging of the prophet and calphs were kept, Gulhane hospital, Sultan III.Ahmed Library,Enderun school, the Church Hagia Irene , a stable,

The Ciragan Palace : built in 1871 by the Architect Serkis Balyan with the order of Sultan Abdulaziz
Dolmabahce Palace : It was finished in 1856 and it was composed of 16 sections. 110.000 m2 area.

The Yildiz Place : It has got 60 rooms and 4 hall rooms.
The Beylerbeyi Palace : built by Sultan Abdulaziz.1861-1865
Tekfur Palace : built in 13th century

Finds of The Great Palace , The Throne Room

cabin Mansions & Pavilions :

Ihlamur pavilion: It was built by Sultan Abdulmecit.
Hidiv pavilion: built in 1907 by Italian architect Seminati by the order of Abbas Hilmi Pasha
Aynalikavak pavilion: Last example of traditional Ottoman architecture with duplex bloc on seafront and singl block on seafront.

Others:
Tophane mansion, Suphi pasa pavilion, Sepetciler pavilion,
Said halim pasha waterside mansion, Maslak mansion, Kucuksu pavilion,
Huber pavilion, Amcazade Huseyin pasa mansion, Yilanli mansion,
The Tiled Pavilion , Pavilion of the Holy Mantle,
Bagdat Pavilion, Mecidiye Pavilion,

tower Towers & fortress :

Beyazit Tower: built in 1828 , used watchtower of firemen
Galata Tower : It is built by Genovese in 1348.
Others:
Maiden's Tower Kiz Kulesi ,The Anatolian Fortress , The Rumeli Fortress ,
Leander's Tower , The Seven Towers ,

church Churches :

Saint Antoine Church , Stephan (Bulgarian) Church , The Patriarchate of Greek ,
Orthodox Church , Surp Krikor Lusarovich Armenian , Orthodox Church ,
Assyrian Church , The Anglican Church , Neve Shalom Synagogue

Others historical places:

Haseki Hurrem Turkish bath: it is located between Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque is ordered by the Hurrem Sultan, lover of Suleiman the Magnificient and built by Architect Mimar Sinan.

The Grand Bazaar : founded in 1461 , it is the oldest and closed bazaar of the world. 30 700 meter squares area, 60 streets., 5 mosques, 8 fountains, 18 gates, 40 public houses, 1 stream.

The covered bazaar (Bedesten): Ordered by Fatih Sultan Mehmet.
The Spice Bazaar :Behind the new mosque ordered by Turhan Sultan 16634-1664

Beyazit Square , Sultan Ahmet Square , The Golden Horn ,
The City Walls , The Basilca Cistern , Cistern of 1001 Pillars

More details about the historical places in Istanbul



  
   Festivals   
International Istanbul Film Festival , in April
International Istanbul Theatre Festival , in May
International Istanbul Music Festival , in June
International Istanbul Jazz Festival , in July
Multiple art festivals organized by private institutions.
  
   Airports   
2 international airports: Ataturk International Airport in Yesilkoy district on the European side ( 24 kilometres west from the city centre). The second one is the Sabiha Gokcen International Airport in the Kurtkoy district on the Asian side: ( 45 kilometres (28 mi) east of the European city centre).
  
   Shopping   
Covered bazaar (Kapali Carsi), Egyptian Spice Bazaar, Fish market, Second-hand Book Bazaar,
  
   Area code   
country code (+90) : 212 (European side) , 216 (Asian side)


  
kizkulesi
Maiden's Tower - Kiz Kulesi --- photo from Wikipedia
  
   Map    
See Istanbul map page for points of interest, restaurants, hotels, cafes,
establishments , museums historical places more
haydarpasa station
Haydarpasa station, Kadikoy,
  
   Weather   

Today, the temperature of Istanbul
Click for Istanbul, Turkey Forecast
  
   Lodging   
See our special Istanbul website for Hotels, apartments and vacation rentals in Istanbul and in Turkey
  
Place Finder
Find any place in Istanbul
Hotels, museums, restaurants, more
  
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